Evidence for the Divine Inspiration of the Hebrew Scriptures: Fulfilled Prophecy

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This study outlines OT prophecies fulfilled in the life of Jesus Christ. An unbiased examination of these texts should provide interested parties with evidence for the supernatural origin of Scripture.

The Older Testament contains over three hundred references to the Messiah (Jesus), many of which have already been literally fulfilled.

Let’s consider five separate categories of fulfillment:

I. Jesus’ Birth

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A. He was the “Seed” of Abraham (Genesis 22:17,18; Galatians 3:16)

[The Apostle Paul believed in “verbal plenary” inspiration.

The very words and all parts of Scripture are God-breathed (theopneustos). See 2 Timothy 3: 15-16.

He bases his argument on “the singular form of the word in the OT”; therefore, he must have “believed in the accuracy of the very words of Scripture” (Ryrie, New Testament Study Bible, 335).]

B. He came from the house of David (Jeremiah 23:5: Luke 3:31)

C. Herod’s “Slaughter of the Innocents” occurred at this time (Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew. 2:16-18)

D. He was born in the village of Bethlehem (Micah 5:2; Luke 2:4)

E. Scripture foretold the time of His first coming (Daniel 9: 24-27)

F. He was born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:16, 18, 22-23)

[The original words used in the Isaiah and Matthew passages (almah and parthenos) refer specificially to a young woman who has not sexually “known” a man.]

II. Jesus’ Nature

A. He shall be a prophet (Deuteronomy 18:18; John 6:14; 7:40)

B. He shall be a priest (Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:5, 6)—Melchizedekian, not Levitical

[Even Christ, the only-begotten Son, did not appoint Himself High Priest, but was established as such by the Father at His installation (v. 5; cf. Ps. 2:7).

When did this ceremony take place?

Elsewhere, writers use this verse from Psalm 2 to refer to Christ’s ascension to Kingship (Heb. 1:5) and to His resurrection (Acts 13:33).]

[The author cites another passage that shows that the Father (“the LORD”) declared solemnly that David’s Lord, the Messiah, is “a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek” (v. 6; cf. Ps. 110:1, 4).]

[In Genesis 14 Melchizedek (“king of righteousness”), the king of Salem (“peace”) and priest of God Most High, brought out bread and wine to Abram, and blessed both him and God Most High for defeating particular foes (vv. 18-20a).

Abram, in turn, gave this king a tenth part of the spoil (v. 20b).

Hebrews 7:1-10 shows that Melchizedek is a type of Christ who was nobler than Abraham, for he (the greater) received tithes from the lesser (Abraham).]

C. Jesus shall be a judge/king (2 Samuel 7; Isaiah 33:22; John 5:30)

[[Christ is the perfect ideal of the theocracy in one person, fulfilling the three branches of government—judicial, legislative, and executive.]]

III. Jesus’ Ministry

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A. Began in Galilee (Isaiah 9:1; Matthew 4:12, 13, 17)

B. Miracles of Healing (Isaiah 35: 5-6; Matthew 11:5)

C. “Stone of Stumbling” to Jews (Psalm 118:22; 1 Peter 2:7)

D. Entered Jerusalem on a donkey (Zechariah 9:9; Lk. 19:35)

[In addition, Daniel 9:25-26 deal with the first sixty-nine weeks (of years) [483 years]. “The going forth . . . to restore and build Jerusalem” happened c. 445 B.C. during the reign of Artaxerxes.

Calculating the years (according to the Jewish solar calendar) brings the time in history to Palm Sunday!]

[In this writer’s opinion, Dr. Floyd Nolen Jones’ work supersedes that of Sir Robert Anderson, though the latter theory has been of inestimable value for many years; cf. Luke 19:42.]

Messiah is killed (“cut off”) after the sixty-ninth week, but before the seventieth.

The Romans (“the people of the prince who is to come”) will destroy Jerusalem, her people, and her temple in A.D. 70].

IV. Events After Jesus’ Death

A. Resurrection (Psalm 16:10; Acts 2:31 [cf. vv. 25-32])

B. Seated at the “Right Hand” of God–“The Place of Honor” (Psalm 110:1; Hebrews 1:3)

C. Ascension (Psalm 68:18a; Acts 1:9)

V. Events Fulfilled in One Day

A. Betrayed by a friend [Judas] (Psalm 41:9; Matthew 10:4; John 13:18)

B. Sold for thirty pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:12; Matthew 26:15)

C. Forsaken by disciples in the Garden of Gethsemane (Zechariah 13:7; Mark 14:50)

D. Dumb before accusers (Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 27:12-19)

E. Smitten and spit upon at the Cross (Isaiah 50:6; Matthew 26:67)

F. Gall and Vinegar offered Him at the Cross (Psalm 69:21; Matthew 27:34)

G. His Bones were not broken at the Cross (Psalm 34:20; John 19:33)

H. Buried in a Rich Man’s tomb (Isaiah 53:9; Matthew 27:57-60)

 

It is reasonable that if Jesus Christ literally fulfilled all of these Old Testament prophecies during His first coming, then He will likewise literally fulfill all of the rest when He comes the second time to reign upon the Earth for one thousand years.

The following passage and verses represent just a handful of sites in the Scriptures that refer to the wonders the Lord will accomplish in the future:

(1) Every eye shall see Him (Zechariah 12:10-14; Revelation 1:7)

(2) He will defeat the Roman beast at Armageddon (Isaiah 63:1-6; Revelation 19)

(3) His feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives (Zechariah 14:4; Acts 1:11)

(4) His dominion shall be from sea to sea (Zechariah 9:10; Matthew 25: 31-32)

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